1 & 2 Thess.
1 & 2 Timothy
1 & 2 Peter
Gifts of the Spirit
Exposition of The Spirit in 1 & 2 Peter
1 Plumptre, CBSC, P.93, cf. Notes on 2 Thess. 2:13 where the exact phrase occurs.
2 J. Carter, TCM, Vol. 92, P. 449 and TCM, Vol. 94, P. 5-7.
3 cf. Section B - "Sanctification"
4 H.P. Mansfield, To the Strangers Scattered Abroad - LOGOS
5 cf. 1 Pet. 1:22.
The phrase Spirit of Christ is objective genitive. It was not "Christís Spirit" or "Spirit from Christ" or spirit which Christ gave but "the Spirit which taught about Christ."
In His revelations to man, God had Christ as the central theme. These revelations came to Godís Prophets through the Spirit. Therefore, the Spirit taught the Prophets about Christ.
There is only one Spirit power, namely Godís (Eph. 4:4), and this worked in the Prophets... "by thy spirit in thy prophets" (Neh. 9:20; cf. 2 Pet. 1:21). This inspired them to testify prophetically about Christ1. Later this same Spirit power was manifested through Christ without measure.
1 cf. Isa. 53:2,12; Psa. 22:1,27.
The gifts of "word of wisdom", "word of knowledge" and "prophecy" were the means by which the Apostles preached the gospel. The Parakletos taught them "all things" (John 14:26). This power of the Spirit was poured out at Pentecost "sent from heaven" and it enabled them to immediately preach the Gospel with such force and conviction that 3,000 were baptized as a result of that dayís activities (Acts 2: 2-4, 40-41) (cf. also Rom. 16:25).
The words "through the Spirit" are not in the Greek text of Nestle, and the best of the other texts.
Peter is not referring merely to the power which effected the resurrection but to the final change in the resurrected body when it was clothed with the Divine nature, or Spirit.
By the power of the Spirit, Christ was quickened (v.18). With this same Spirit Christ preached in person to "spirits in prison" before his death. Peter is speaking of a class or type of persons (not a particular group) which existed both in Noahís day and Christís2. The "spirits in prison" is an expression for a people in bondage to sin3 (Isa. 42 3; 61:1). The people were the Gentiles as the following tabular comparison demonstrates.
But why refer to men as "spirits imprisoned"? Because "spirit" relates to the sentient element in man by which he perceives, reflects, feels and desires (Mark 2:8; Luke 1:47,80; Acts 17:16; 2 Cor. 7:1). The Lord appealed to the thinking part (the mind) of man that was imprisoned to sin.
2 see Luke 17:25.
3 see also Eph. 2:1-2.
Many translations confuse the issue by their arrangement of the words but Marshall clarifies:
"For indeed for this (reason) good news was preached, to dead men in order that on one hand they might be judged according to men in the flesh, on the other (they) might live according to God in the spirit."
The sequence is this:
The idea is: though men condemn them, Christ will not. The contrast is between those who judge:- men and God.
Paraphrased:The reason the gospel was preached was that (although they would be condemned by men of flesh) the dead might live in the future.
1The "dead" were not dead when preached to. We can be sure of that! The dead in this context refer to those (like Christ) who were put to death or martyred because of their righteousness (cf. Matt. 5:10-12). There was a lot of persecution in those days, much of which resulted in death:
"brother will deliver up brother to death, ... and children will rise up against parents and cause them to be put to death" (Matt. 10:21).
These murderers killed the body, but because the gospel was preached to the believers before that happened, the murderers were not able to kill the (future) life. (Matt. 10:28, cf. 39).
The definite article is present therefore "the Spirit of the Glory" refers to Christ. This verse is parallel in thought and expression to v.13, i.e.
Suffering now, but rejoicing when his glory is revealed (v.13).
Rotherhamís translates "rests" as "is bringing rest". The word anapauo (rests) can also mean "refreshed" and is so translated in 1 Cor. 16:18; Philemon v.20.
The words "If you are reviled for the name of Christ you are blessed" allude to Matt. 5:11. The second part of the verse; "because the Spirit of the glory and of God is bringing rest" alludes to Matt. 5:12 "for your reward in heaven is great".
The exultation or blessing is the future reward (at the proper time, 5:6) of a spiritual body.
The Holy Spirit gift of prophecy moved Godís Prophets to utter (and write) the words they did (2 Sam. 23:2; Neh. 9:30; Luke 1:70; Acts 1:16; 3:18; 1 Cor. 14:3; Eph. 4:11; Heb. 1:1. James 5:10).