1 & 2 Thess.
1 & 2 Timothy
1 & 2 Peter
Gifts of the Spirit
Exposition of The Spirit in 1 John
1 1 Cor. 12:28 (cf. 14:26, John 14:26; 16:13).
2 In our case, written; in the first century it was largely the spoken word (i.e. "which ye heard").
3 1 Thess. 2:13.
4 The verb is aorist. Plummer, CBSC, P. 139. The rendering "has given" or "gave" (Marshall) points to a past act and not a continuous experience. 5 This is also evident in the following quotes: "but whoever keeps His word in him the love of God has truly been perfected. By this we know that we are in Him." "the one who says he abides in Him ought himself to walk in the same manner as He walked." (1 John 2:5-6 NASB). 6 This is perhaps clarified by looking at the example of 1 John 5:18, 19 where the "world is in the wicked one and the wicked one is in the world".
Any claim in John’s time that one had a gift would have quickly led to a request for the evidence of its possession. "Spirit" means a person who claims he has the Spirit.
There were many "false Christ’s and false prophets" even at this time (Mark 13:22; 2 Pet. 2:1; 2 Thess. 2:2-7 cf. 1 Thess. 5:19-22; Acts 19:13). To try the Spirits was to use the gift of discerning of Spirits1. The doctrinal criterion is also plainly stated so that even today we can "try the Spirits". Most who claim to have the Spirit believe in a trinity and would not admit Christ came "in the flesh 2"
1 We do not have this gift but we have the complete word in its place. We must use that to test the spirits.
2 This particular test was used to determine those who belonged to "the anti-Christ" (v.3). Those in the brotherhood who claim to have the Spirit hold to other false doctrines. (See Sections A and B).
"Spirit" means those who claim to have the Spirit (as in v. 1 and 3). "Spirit of God", therefore, is a person who has the Spirit gifts from God.
† A word from the Greek "enthousiasmos" meaning god possessed (en = in, theos = god) (Webster’s). It can easily be seen that the word "enthusiasm" has deep overtones of paganism. Anyone therefore, who claims to be god possessed because he is enthusiastic is echoing the beliefs of the Greek pagan of about Homer’s time. (900 B.C.). Cf. also LOGOS Vol. 29, P. 72. 2 Gk. "Agape" - a divine love not to be confused with sentimental emotion, or sensuality motivated by lust. Agape is defined in 1 Cor. 13 as a characteristic that is
"very patient, very kind" (Rhm)
Experience has shown that generally those who claim to have the Spirit do not manifest the above characteristics when having discussions with their brethren about their claim. John says "He that loveth not knoweth not God" (v.8).
a)that God "hast magnified thy word above (together with NASB) thy name." (Psa. 138:2).
We must, therefore, be careful not to diminish the importance of the word lest God take away our "part out of the book of life". (Rev. 22:19).
This was the work of the Holy Spirit (John 14:26; 1 Thess. 2:10; John 5:34, 37; 8:18; Heb. 10:15) in Christ and the Apostles who witnessed that Christ was the Messiah.
The Greek text supports the RV because the article is present. Compare with John 14:17; 15:26; 16:13. (cf. John 6:63; Eph. 6:17).
These three witnesses† are those described in v.6. They represent Truth, Baptism and Sacrifice.
The Spirit bears witness: John 1:33; 15:26; Acts 10:38; John 7:38, 39.
Christ was inducted into his public ministry through baptism (the water) and concluded it with his sacrifice on the cross (blood). He was raised by the Spirit and glorified by the Spirit. The miracles he wrought and the words he spoke were a witness that he had the Holy Spirit.
† see TCM, Vol. 53, P. 489, "The Witness of God". All critical texts omit ‘in heaven, the Father, the Word and the Holy Spirit: and there are three that bear witness in earth’. “The words are not found in any Gk. MS before the 16th century”. Companion Bible, p. 1876. “… was first cited by Vigillus Tapsensis, a Latin writer of no credit, in the latter end of the fifth century, but by whom forged is of no great moment…” Diaglott p. 803.